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    Hello, and welcome to my website! I'm Derek Gale, photography trainer and Fine Art photographer.

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Blue is not the warmest colour…

…even though a 2013 film title would have you think otherwise.

We perceive colours towards the red end of the spectrum as being warmer than those at the blue end of the spectrum.  This is a bit of a paradox as the redder the light the cooler the actual temperature.   Objects at very high temperature radiate light at the blue end of the spectrum.  It’s the infrared that makes us feel warm, and perhaps we perceive the blue colours as relating to the cold of such things as snow and ice.  However it works, we associate red tones with warmth.

There are lots of warm tones in this image.  The low angle of the autumn light has given a long shadow, with the red of the cranberry juice adding to the browns of the table’s wood.  The only cooler colour is the ceramic coaster under the glass, and even that is not very cool.

There is some cooler blue in the sky here of course, but the majority of the image has the warm tones of a sunset.  The sun’s low angle has given great backlighting to the seed heads of the Old Man’s Beard (a wild clematis) in the hedgerow.  The camera has coped surprisingly well with the challenges of shooting into the sun.

In this last image I have moved away from the reddest colours, but it’s still a warm-toned image.  There’s a patch of blue towards the centre that gives a bit of colour contrast.  It’s an example of camera movement during exposure.  I used the “Silky Water” mode on my camera and pressed the shutter button whilst I was walking along an alley in Bristol on a rainy night.

All images were taken on a Huawei Mate 10 Pro mobile phone.  I call it my camera that also makes phone calls.

I’ve really mist you!

It’s autumn, and we have entered, to quote Keats, the “season of mists and mellow fruitfulness”.  Mist and haze are great things for landscape photography as they can add mood and depth to your images.  Perfect visibility is wonderful, but it can leave your images a bit flat.

This image of Langdale in the UK’s Lake District is a good example.  The haze and cloud separate the image into different areas with different densities.  There is much better separation of the “recession planes” as they are known.

Mist can also simplify your images.  The tree is silhouetted more strongly against the sky and distant landscape because of the mist.  If the background landscape had the same shade of grey the foreground tree would be lost somewhat.

Mist really adds even more space to this image than in the first one.  It separates the ranges of hills from each other.  I had to use a telephoto lens to get the composition I wanted, and without the mist the resulting perspective compression would have made the hills all blend into each other.

Mist is your friend.

He was a fungi…

Last week I was in the Lake District.  If you are expecting a blog post with lots of large sweeping mountain landscapes then you’ll be disappointed.  Instead here are some small-scale landscapes; the landscapes of fungi, taken using my new Olympus macro lens. Autumn is a great time for fungi as the cool damp conditions are perfect for their growth. The Lake District certainly does damp very well.  The water for those lakes has to come from somewhere!

I visited Brantwood, the Victorian art critic John Ruskin’s house near Coniston, and in the garden there were lot of fungi.  There’s a simple rule with fungi – if you don’t KNOW what it is then don’t touch it or eat it.  Eating some fungi can kill you.

I’m not very good with fungi identification, but I think that these are fly agarics.   I was taken with their bright colour and the way that one has punched a hole through the edge of the other.  The gloomy lighting conditions under the tree canopy were challenging as I had no tripod with me, so the depth of field is limited.

One way round the depth of field issue is to get the subject parallel to the plane of the sensor.  I moved to shoot from above.  It’s now a pattern picture and a bit ambiguous as you can’t see the stalks.  I did wonder why only one mushroom cup had water in it?

Finally I dropped a bit lower and viewed them from below.  The strong red colour is no longer visible, but the gills are lovely.  Being lower gave me the chance to support the camera a bit more and use a smaller aperture.  The angle of the lower cup is now clearly visible, showing why the water drained away.

Now it’s autumn why not get out and have some fungi fun?

“Oh I do like to be beside the seaside.”

Any landscape where there’s a dramatic change, such as the boundary between land and sea, is a rich source of images. You’ve not only got the coast itself, but also the way we humans interact with it.  We’ve turned some areas into a playground with all the trappings of the seaside; piers, candy floss, donkeys and crazy golf.

Clevedon Pier near Bristol is a classic Victorian pier.  It was was built during the 1860s to attract tourists and provide a ferry port for rail passengers to South Wales. The pier is 312 m (1,024 ft) long and consists of eight spans supported by steel rails covered by wooden decking, with a pavilion on the pier head.  The pier opened in 1869 and served as an embarkation point for paddle steamer excursions for almost exactly 100 years.  It’s so tall because the tidal range there is the second highest in the world.

The nearly sunset-light brings out the details, and the main structure makes for an elegant lead-in line to the pier pavilion.  Converting to black and white makes it timeless.

On Saltburn Pier in Yorkshire someone has been “yarn bombing” the railings for years.  This year’s theme is books and literature.  I saw the clever juxtaposition of the two book titles and waited for a couple to walk into the shot.  Will they choose the romance of “Mills and Boon” or go the “50 Shades” route?

I was drawn by the symmetry of these folks’ outfits.  The blue/dark grey tops at the ends bookend the two lighter grey-clad people in the centre.  The use of a long focal length lens has compressed the perspective making the beach and sea more prominent.  I did wonder whether they were planning to visit the beach or whether they were happy just to look at it.

The coast and seaside are always there, and can be very atmospheric out of season.  No need for a bucket and spade, just a camera and your eyes.

The development of an image

I recently led a photography holiday in Whitby for HF Holidays.  I used various cameras for my demonstrations and tuition, but my first choice whilst out and about was my mobile phone.  The large screen made it easy to show the images, and the phone app’s software does some neat things.  The Leica-branded lenses aren’t too shabby either.

It was a windy day and the long grasses in the field adjoining Whitby Abbey were moving around a lot.  I was using the “Silky Water” light painting mode on the camera.  It takes multiple images and adds them together.

I rested the phone on a wall to steady it.  At what I thought was the end of the exposure I picked up the camera and rotated it 90 degrees to see the image.  To my surprise I realised that I hadn’t properly touched the “end exposure” button and it was continuing to expose.  I stopped the exposure and looked at the image. There were two exposures at right angles to each other.  I liked how it looked, and wondered about editing options.

I cropped the image to make the two Abbeys the main part of the composition, and then increased contrast and colour saturation to bring out more detail.  I thought it looked better, but the version of the Abbey I preferred was facing downwards.   I rotated the image 90 degrees and then flipped it horizontally so the image read from left to right.  Much better, but the area of clear blue sky in the top right-hand corner worried me a bit.

I decided that a further crop to remove the top right corner would give the best image.  It also gave only one Abbey, thus simplifying the composition.  The doubly-exposed grasses in the sky give an almost painterly effect.

An accident that gave an interesting effect.  Now I need to try and deliberately repeat what I did accidentally!  Might be tricky, but it should be fun.